The success of India as a major emerging power in the coming years will rely heavily on its ability to achieve and maintain energy security. Much like China, India’s energy demands will continue to present it with difficult choices as the country attempts to balance its development and growing power with a host of environmental and political issues. These include a reliance on oil from unstable areas of the world, a lack of diverse energy options, potential conflict with China, and the adverse environmental effects of Delhi’s current energy policies. As a member of India’s Petroleum and Natural Gas Regulatory Board, Sudha Mahalingam shared her insights on India’s energy challenges at a public forum organized by the Rising Powers Initiative at the Sigur Center for Asian Studies in December 2011.

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By Michael Bouffard, Program Coordinator, Sigur Center for Asian Studies, George Washington University